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Pavel Durov has filed a formal antitrust complaint with the European Commission due to the AppStore's dominant position in the iOS app market. It requires users to be able to download programs from third-party stores.

In June, the European Commission opened two antitrust investigations into the AppStore and the Apple Pay electronic payment system. Tile, Spotify and Rakuten filed complaints - they were unhappy with the too high commission that Apple takes from developers and the inability to download applications from other sources. According to companies, this hinders competition.

Now the Telegram messenger has joined them. In a letter to EU competition chief Margrethe Vestager, Apple should "allow users to be able to download software outside the AppStore", reports the Financial Times.

Store commission income brings Apple about $1 billion a month. Telegram creator Pavel Durov denied Tim Cook's statement that this money is spent on maintaining the AppStore. “Running an app store costs a fraction of what Apple charges app developers. It receives billions of dollars every quarter from third-party services. Meanwhile, costs for hosting and moderation amount to tens of millions,” said Durov.

Telegram also accused the company of stifling innovation. In 2016, Pavel Durov was going to launch a gaming service, but Apple did not allow this and even stated that it could remove the messenger from the AppStore, citing the store’s policy. As a result, the development had to be abandoned.

The European Commission will have to investigate Apple's activities: in particular, to establish what conditions the company imposes on developers who want to launch their applications in their official store, and what restrictions it places on the use of its mobile payment system.

In turn, Apple said it considers the accusations unfounded. “It’s disappointing that the European Commission is pushing ahead with baseless claims from a handful of companies that just want freebies and don’t want to play by the rules that everyone else plays by,” the spokesman said.

Tim Cook said he is not against the investigation, but believes Apple's business policies are correct. According to him, the company supports competition and believes that it allows the market to develop. Apple also responded to Spotify's complaint and accused the service of using the app store to quickly grow its business and then refusing to contribute to the promotion of the system.

Earlier, members of the antitrust subcommittee of the US Congress questioned the heads of the

four large companies, including Tim Cook. He said that “Apple does not have a dominant role in any market in which it is present” and treats all application developers equally. Nevertheless, the company was recognized as a monopolist, which could have serious consequences for it.
 
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